Recorder Sizes

Recorder Sizes

Recorders are made in different sizes with names and compasses roughly corresponding to different vocal ranges. The sizes most commonly in use today are the soprano ("descant", lowest note C5), alto  "treble", lowest note F4), tenor (lowest note C4) and bass (lowest note F3). Recorders are traditionally constructed from wood and ivory, and now c...

Recorders are made in different sizes with names and compasses roughly corresponding to different vocal ranges. The sizes most commonly in use today are the soprano ("descant", lowest note C5), alto  "treble", lowest note F4), tenor (lowest note C4) and bass (lowest note F3). Recorders are traditionally constructed from wood and ivory, and now come in a wide range of different woods. Recorders are also made in plastic and you can buy beginner as well as high quality plastic recorders. The recorders' internal and external proportions vary, but the bore is generally reverse conical (i.e. tapering towards the foot) to cylindrical, and all recorder fingering systems make extensive use of cross fingering.

Today, recorder sizes are named after the different vocal ranges. This is not, however, a reflection of sounding pitch, and serves primarily to denote the pitch relationships between the different instruments. Groups of recorders played together are referred to as "consorts." Recorders are also often referred to by their lowest sounding note: "recorder in F" refers to a recorder with lowest note F, in any octave.

The recorder is used as an ensemble or consort instrument and comes in a variety of different woods including, pear, maple, plum, palisander, rosewood, olivewood, grenadilla, satinwood and cherrywood. 

Orpheus Music is a Recorder specialist shop. A large range of quality recorders from Mollenhauer, Kung, Dolmetsch, Aulos, Zen-on and Kunath Peatzold. Garklein recorders, descant recorders, soprano recorders, treble recorders, alto recorders, tenor, bass recorders, and great bass recorders. Many different models including Kung studio, Kung Superio, Kung Marsayas, Mollenhauer Canta, Mollenhauer Denner range, Mollenhauer dream.  Also a large range of recorder accessories including cases, thumbrests, straps, stands, oils, cork grease, cleaning rods and brushes.

The recorder is first documented in Europe in the Middle Ages, and continued to enjoy wide popularity in the renaissance and baroque periods, but was little used in the classical and romantic periods. It was revived in the 20th century as part of the historically informed performance movement, and became a popular amateur and educational instrument. Composers who have written for the recorder include Monteverdi, Lully, Purcell, Handel, Vivaldi, Telemann, Johann Sebastian Bach, Paul Hindemith, Benjamin Britten, Leonard Bernstein, Luciano Berio, and Arvo Pärt. Today, there are many professional recorder players who demonstrate the instrument's full solo range and a large community of amateurs.

The sound of the recorder is often described as clear and sweet, and has historically been associated with birds and shepherds. It is notable for its quick response and its corresponding ability to produce a wide variety of articulations. This ability, coupled with its open finger holes, allow it to produce a wide variety of tone colors and special effects. Acoustically, its tone is relatively pure and odd harmonics predominate in its sound.

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    $66.15 In Stock
    AU501S
    • The very smallest recorder available.
    • Sounds two octaves higher than notated and can be used to add variety and tone colour to a recorder consort.
    • Ivory-color mouthpiece and foot. Dark brown; one-piece with single...
    $66.15
    In Stock
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    $35.70 In Stock
    AU507B
    • For ensemble and solo playing.
    • Clear and even tone, free of shrillness.
    • Exceptionally light and delicate response.
    • Ivory-colour mouthpiece and foot. Dark brown; three-piece.
    • Baroque (English)...
    $35.70
    In Stock
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    $72.45 In Stock
    AU703BW
    • This high-quality soprano recorder has been created on the design of the great craftsman Richard Haka, who was responsible for creating a new age of recorder-making in the 17th century.
    • Accurate intonation and rich, expressive...
    $72.45
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $99.75 In Stock
    AU709BW
    • This unique, high-quality alto recorder has been created on the basis of the refined design of the great craftsman Richard Haka, who was responsible for creating a new age of recorder-making in the 17th century.
    • This alto...
    $99.75
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $2,126.00 In Stock
    MOL-DE-1211D

    Satinwood Treble, historically stained, A' = 415Hz Alto recorder after Jacob Denner (1681-1735), Hand-crafted baroque recorders. The low pitch solo instrument in the top class of baroque alto recorders. Highest soloistic demands - Strong and...

    $2,126.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $118.00 In Stock
    AU211A
    • Clear and gentle tone, with no key.
    • This new model is lighter in weight and smoother in playing at the higher register.
    • Narrow mouthpiece, stream-lined shape,
    • Compared to other resin recorders, it has...
    $118.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,346.00 In Stock
    MOL-2446C

    Pearwood Tenor, baroque double hole, with four keys Canta, the joy of ensemble playing Versatile, reliable recorder ensemble with an homogenous sound, made of pearwood Our Comfort Tenor makes playing easy: two additional keys reduce the stretch...

    $1,346.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $687.00 Out of stock
    AU521
    • Knick Style for Ensemble Playing.
    • Comfortable Finger Stretch.
    • Lightweight.
    • Double Keys for F and F#.
    • Direct Blow Ivory Coloured Mouthpiece.
    • Dark Brown.
    $687.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
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    Out of stock
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    $184.00 In Stock
    K1101
    • Made from selected Pearwood.
    • Baroque single holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound.
    $184.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $36.75 In Stock
    AU703B
    • This high-quality soprano recorder has been created on the basis of the refined design of the great craftsman Richard Haka, who was responsible for creating a new age of recorder-making in the 17th century.
    • Curved windway.
    • ...
    $36.75
    In Stock
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    $77.69 In Stock
    AU709B
    • This unique, high-quality alto recorder has been created on the basis of the refined design of the great craftsman Richard Haka, who was responsible for creating a new age of recorder-making in the 17th century.
    • Bright, rich...
    $77.69
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $2,060.00 Out of stock
    MOL-DE-1211
    • Natural Satinwood Treble, A' = 415Hz Alto recorder after Jacob Denner (1681-1735).
    • Hand-crafted baroque recorders.
    • The low pitch solo instrument in the top class of baroque alto recorders.
    • Highest soloistic...
    $2,060.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
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    Out of stock
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    $198.00 In Stock
    AU511B
    • For ensemble and solo playing.
    • Strong, full sound throughout the register.
    • Excellent response.
    • Double keys for low C and C#.
    • Ivory-coloured mouthpiece, thumb bushing, ring, and foot.
    • Dark...
    $198.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,477.00 In Stock
    MOL-2446KC
    • Pearwood Tenor, baroque double hole, with four keys
    • Canta, the joy of ensemble playing Versatile, reliable recorder ensemble with an homogenous sound, made of pearwood.
    • Our Comfort Tenor makes playing easy: two...
    $1,477.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $895.00 In Stock
    AU533B
    • Full sound in all registers for ensemble playing,
    • Double Keys for F and F#.
    • Double holes for G and G#.
    • Comfortable finger stretch.
    • Fitted with a bocal and built-in thumb rest.
    • ...
    $895.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $536.00 Out of stock
    MOL-4001
    • Maple Garklein c3 (dark Stain)
    • Versatile instruments after Hieronymus F. Kynseker, based on the original instruments kept at the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg.
    • Our Kynseker ensemble instruments remain faithful...
    $536.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $247.00 Out of stock
    K1201
    • Made from selected Pearwood.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound.
    $247.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $45.15 In Stock
    AU204AF
    • Designed for players who have finger disabilities.
    • Some finger holes are adjustable, so players can fix the finger holes to the position where they can play recorder comfortably.
    $45.15
    In Stock
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    $82.95 In Stock
    AU509B
    • For solo playing and performance with other instruments in a broken consort.
    • Bright, rich tone quality, excellent carrying power and broad, dynamic range.
    • Ivory-coloured mouthpiece, thumb bushing, ring, and foot.
    • ...
    $82.95
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $2,331.00 In Stock
    MOL-DE-1214
    • Grenadilla Treble, A' = 415Hz
    • Alto recorder after Jacob Denner (1681-1735), Hand-crafted baroque recorders. The low pitch solo instrument in the top class of baroque alto recorders.
    • Highest soloistic demands - Strong...
    $2,331.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,620.00 In Stock
    MOL-5416C
    • Pearwood Tenor, baroque double holes with four keys.
    • Denner - A wealth of sound from fine woods. A sophisticated ensemble based on original instruments by Jacob Denner (1681-1735) in Nuremberg and Copenhagen.
    • Our...
    $1,620.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $636.00 Out of stock
    MOL-4002
    • Plumwood Garklein c3
    • Versatile instruments after Hieronymus F. Kynseker, based on the original instruments kept at the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg.
    • Our Kynseker ensemble instruments remain faithful to the...
    $636.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $605.00 In Stock
    K2207
    • Made from Grenadilla wood,
    • Baroque Double Holes.
    • A strong sound throughout the entire register.
    • Suitable for various combinations in ensemble or in solo playing.
    • This particular instrument is noted...
    $605.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $16.65 In Stock
    AU103N
    • Built-in thumb rest places right hand  in correct, relaxed position.
    • Curved windway.
    • Single holes for low C and D provide ease of playing in lower register.
    • Dark brown with ivory-coloured trim.
    • ...
    $16.65
    In Stock
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    $89.25 In Stock
    AU309AF-E

    This recorder is designed to be used by players who have two or more usable fingers in either hand, in addition, a total of six and more usable fingers in both...

    $89.25
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $658.00 In Stock
    MOL-DL-5206
    • Baroque pitch (A-415)
    • Denner pearwood treble at a price most serious players can afford.
    • A well balanced baroque timbre of distinctive beauty and stability. It offers players new musical expressiveness with perfect...
    $658.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $665.00 Out of stock
    K1502
    • Made from selected Maple.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound. 
    $665.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $2,803.00 Out of stock
    K2603
    • Made from selected Cherry.
    • Strong low register, clear top end.
    • Kung basses are world renowned for their quality.
    • Suitable for both solo and ensemble playing.
    • The Superio Cherrywood bass has an...
    $2,803.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $475.00 Out of stock
    MOL-WE-19242

    Developed specifically for Waldorf Education. Made from Pearwood

    $475.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
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    Out of stock
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    $247.00 In Stock
    K1202
    • Made from selected Maple.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound
    $247.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $17.80 In Stock
    AU303AI
    • Detachable thumb rest.
    • Includes C# and D# holes.
    • Accessories: Cloth carrying bag, fingering chart and cleaning rod.
    • Three-piece Soprano Recorder.
    • Baroque Fingering.
    • Ebony Colour.
    $17.80
    In Stock
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    $962.00 In Stock
    MOL-DL-5222
    • The alto recorder that introduces the world of low baroque  pitch (a 1  = 415 Hz) with high-precision series production.
    • Made from Castello Boxwood
    $962.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $675.00 In Stock
    K1511
    • Made from selected Pearwood (stained a dark red).
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound.
    $675.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,792.00 In Stock
    MOL-5432C
    • Castello boxwood tenor, baroque double holes, with four keys.
    • Denner - A wealth of sound from fine woods. A sophisticated ensemble based on original instruments by Jacob Denner (1681-1735) in Nuremberg and Copenhagen.
    • ...
    $1,792.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $2,473.00 Out of stock
    K2601
    • Made from selected Pearwood.
    • Strong low register, clear top end.
    • Kung basses are world renowned for their quality
    • Suitable for both solo and ensemble playing.
    • The Superio Pearwood bass has an...
    $2,473.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
  • Quick view
    $624.00 Out of stock
    MOL-WE-19442

    Developed specifically for Waldorf Education. Tenor in Pearwood

    $624.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $354.00 In Stock
    MOL-5006
    • Made from selected Pearwood with Baroque double holes.
    • Based on original instruments by Jacob Denner (1681-1735) in Nuremberg and Copenhagen.
    • Reliable, accurate playing even in the highest register.
    • A...
    $354.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $43.05 In Stock
    AU503B
    • For solo playing and performance with other instruments in a "broken consort."
    • Curved windway.
    • Bright, rich tone quality.
    • Excellent carrying power and broad, dynamic range.
    • Baroque Fingering.
    • ...
    $43.05
    In Stock
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    $455.00 Out of stock
    K1411
    • Made from selected Pearwood (stained a dark red).
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound. 
    $455.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $1,438.00 Out of stock
    MOL-DE-1111

    Hand-crafted Soprano baroque recorder, Satinwood. Pitch A-415 Hz

    $1,438.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $780.00 In Stock
    K1581
    • Made from selected Pearwood.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Knick Tenor has a dark and warm sound.
    $780.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,950.00 Out of stock
    MOL-5431C

    Brilliant, expressive sound with a convincing charm.

    Agile, quick response in all octaves: ideal for virtuosic music of any era.

    Undercut finger holes: discover the...

    $1,950.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $5,334.00 Out of stock
    K2722
    • Made from Maple (stained dark brown).
    • Strong deep low register, clear top end.
    • Can be placed directly on the floor.
    • Sophisticated keywork improves access to half-tones
    • Extremely versatile for both...
    $5,334.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $2,351.00 Out of stock
    MOL-WE-19542

    Developed specifically for Waldorf Education. Bass in Pearwood. 

    $2,351.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $468.00 In Stock
    MOL-5020
    • Made from selected Rosewood with Baroque double holes.
    • Based on original instruments by Jacob Denner (1681-1735) in Nuremberg and Copenhagen.
    • Reliable, accurate playing even in the highest register.
    • A...
    $468.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $425.00 In Stock
    K1401
    • Made from selected pearwood.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound. 
    $425.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,520.00 Out of stock
    MOL-DE-1111D

    Hand-crafted Soprano baroque recorder, Satinwood historically stained. Pitch A- 415 Hz

    $1,520.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $1,418.00 Out of stock
    K2501
    • Made from selected Pearwood.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • This is a solo instrument par excellence, also outstanding in ensemble playing.
    • Elegant Baroque styling.
    • The wide range and rich sound allows...
    $1,418.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    Add to cart
    Out of stock
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    $1,347.00 In Stock
    K1593

    Made from selected Cherrywood

    Baroque fingering, double keys C/C#, extra keys G and F

    Bent ("knick") headjoint for extra access and comfort

    Kung's signature rich and warm sound, perfect for ensemble work 

    $1,347.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $384.00 In Stock
    MOL-5022
    • Made from selected Castello Boxwood with Baroque double holes.
    • Based on original instruments by...
    $384.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $164.00 In Stock
    K1301
    • Made from selected Pearwood.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound.
    $164.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $440.00 In Stock
    K1402
    • Made from selected Maple.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • Suitable for beginners as well as for ensemble playing.
    • The Kung Studio model recorders have a warm and pleasant sound. 
    $440.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $168.00 In Stock
    ZG-1A-415

    New model just released. The G-1A 415 Hz is the first affordable Treble recorder in Baroque tuning. Based on the hugely popular G-1A resin treble.

    • Especially noted for its accurate intonation and...
    $168.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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    $1,582.00 In Stock
    K2503
    • Made from selected Cherry.
    • Baroque double holes.
    • This is a solo instrument par excellence, also outstanding in ensemble playing.
    • Elegant Baroque styling.
    • The wide range and rich sound allows...
    $1,582.00
    Price includes shipping and insurance
    In Stock
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